??xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 听力课堂 http://www.rar-audio.com/zt/rss/ 听力课堂 zh-cn Sat, 16 Mar 2019 05:53:19 GMT-8 Sat, 16 Mar 2019 05:53:19 GMT-8 service@tingclass.net service@tingclass.net 英国脱欧草案又被?民众狂囤卫生?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-500-444041-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[英国议会近日再次否决了首相特蕾莎•梅与欧盟达成的脱欧协议草案,致使无协议脱欧风险大增。然而欧盟表示,已经尽了全力,再也无能为力? 英国民众开始囤积日用品以应对无协议脱欧后可能出现的商品短缺? 法国巴黎甚至有个酒吧凑热闹,推出“脱欧啤酒”。如果实在因为英国脱欧而烦恼,那就来一杯苦涩的“脱欧啤酒”? European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, European Council President Donald Tusk and European Union's chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier react during a news conference after the extraordinary EU leaders summit to finalise and formalise the Brexit agreement in Brussels, Belgium, November 25, 2018. [Photo/Agencies] The European Union will not negotiate Brexit again, it said on Tuesday, after Britain’s parliament rejected the divorce package for a second time in a vote that made a chaotic no-deal scenario more likely. 欧盟本周二表示,不会再与英国就脱欧问题进行谈判。此前,英国议会再次否决了脱欧协议草案,使无协议脱欧风险大增,或导致英国社会经济陷入一片混乱? “The EU has done everything it can to help get the Withdrawal Agreement over the line,” Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier said after the House of Commons vote. 在英国下议院投票结束后,英国脱欧谈判专家米歇?巴尼尔说?ldquo;欧盟已尽一切可能帮助达成脱欧协议?rdquo; “The impasse can only be solved in the UK. Our ‘no-deal’ preparations are now more important than ever before.” “现在的僵局只能由英国自己解决。对我们来说,做?ldquo;无协?rdquo;脱欧准备比以往任何时候都重要?rdquo; impasse[æm'pɑːs; 'æmpɑːs]?n.僵局;死路 In coordinated statements, European Council President Donald Tusk and the bloc’s executive European Commission said the EU had done “all that is possible to reach an agreement ... it is difficult to see what more we can do.” 在共同声明中,欧洲理事会主席唐纳?middot;图斯克和执行机构欧洲委员会表示,欧洲已经做了“所有能做的事,来帮助达成脱欧协议,不知道还能做点什么了?rdquo; The bloc insists the divorce deal - already rejected by parliament in January - will not be revisited. 欧洲理事会坚称,不会对脱欧协议重新讨论,该协议今年一月就被英国议会否决过一次? It expects Prime Minister Theresa May to ask for a delay to Brexit to avoid economic disruption should Britain leave with no plan in place. 欧洲理事会希望英国首相特蕾莎-梅要求延期脱欧,避免无协议脱欧导致英国出现经济混乱? “With only 17 days left to March 29, today’s vote has significantly increased the likelihood of a ‘no-deal’ Brexit,” the EU said. 欧盟表示?ldquo;现在距离3?9?英国脱欧日期)只有17天,今天的投票结果大大增加了无协议脱欧的可能性?rdquo; If Prime Minister Theresa May or any other Briton needs some Dutch courage to see them through the fraught final countdown to Britain’s departure from the European Union they need look no further than a Paris pub and its popular “Brexit” beer. 让人担忧的脱欧倒计时阶段即将来临,如果英国首相特蕾?bull;梅或者其他英国民众需要有见证这一历史时刻?ldquo;酒后之勇”,他们可以去巴黎的一家酒吧,饮用其广受欢迎的“英国脱欧啤酒”? Dutch courage:酒后之? Brewed by a beer maker in Suffolk, a region in eastern England, the beer’s hoppy notes give it a deliberate bitterness, said Lomig Fronty, a French barman at The Cricketer pub. 这家名为“板球队员”酒吧的法籍酒保鲁?弗恩特表示,“英国脱欧啤酒”是由英格兰东部萨福克郡一家啤酒厂酿造,啤酒花中带有独特的苦涩滋味? The brewery “wanted to put across its feelings towards Brexit, hence the bitterness of the beer,” Fronty said in between pulling pints. “It’s actually an anti-Brexit move to buy this beer.” 弗恩特在倒酒时说,啤酒厂“想要表达其对英国脱欧的感受,因此啤酒中带有苦涩。购买啤酒在某种程度上是一种反对脱欧的行为”? “Brexit is terrible,” said Rosie, a patron of The Cricketer. “But at least the beer is good.” “英国脱欧的问题很糟糕,但至少这啤酒是好的?rdquo;酒吧顾客罗西表示?     Pro and anti-Brexit supporters argue outside of Westminster borough in London, Britain, March 12, 2019. [Photo/Agencies] 英连锁超市:脱欧前卫生纸和止痛药销量飙? Toilet rolls and painkillers are some of items Britons have started to stockpile ahead of a potential no-deal Brexit, supermarket Morrisons said on Wednesday. 英国莫里森超市本周三表示,因英国可能无协议脱欧,民众开始囤积卫生纸和止痛药等商品? “We’ve seen quite a tick-up in painkillers and toilet rolls (sales) ... up high single digits,” Chief Executive David Potts told reporters. 莫里森超市首席执行官大卫-波茨告诉记者说?ldquo;我们发现止痛药和卫生纸销量大增,接近10%?rdquo; "Whether that's got any bearing on how people are feeling about the Brexit process, I don't know." 但他说:“不能确定这是否与英国脱欧临近有关?rdquo; His remarks build on reports that shoppers are taking action in case a hard Brexit results in delays to supplies and shortages. 此前有报道称,因无协议脱欧可能导致供应短缺,民众正开始囤积商品? The Bank of England has noted evidence of stockpiling among British businesses and figures suggest the UK is running out of warehouse space as a result. 英格兰银行注意到,英国企业正囤积货品。数据显示,如英国最终无协议脱欧,商品库存很快会用光? A Sky Data poll last week suggested a quarter of the population had either bought more goods than normal or were thinking about doing so. 天空数据上周调查显示,四分之一的英国人已经开始囤货,或者正考虑囤货? ]]></description> </item><item><title>愉悦口语:?57?打退堂鼓英文怎么?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-9907-444038-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[讲解文本? cold feet 胆怯,打退堂鼓,信心或勇气的丧? He planned to talk to Mary, but then he got cold feet. 他本打算去跟Mary说话,但后来临阵退缩了? This is not the time to get cold feet. Let's do it! 现在不是打退堂鼓的时候,行动? 疯狂练习? ]]></description> </item><item><title>托福口语怎么养成高分 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-8349-444022-1.html 托福阅读怎样搞定词汇 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-8350-444003-1.html 托福听力怎么提高正确?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-8348-443932-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[  首先,文章要听的懂?   在新托福听力中,听的懂很重要,听的懂包括听懂词汇,听懂句子,在听完一遍之后要做到心中有数。听得懂才有可能在答题过程中,把题目作对。如果大家不知道如何?或者不知道怎么听重点,大家可以根据听力13原则,根据信号词掌握听力的重点?   其次,笔记要记得准?   在保证听懂之后,知道重点信息然后再进行记笔记。记笔记的目的是辅助记忆,但是那些听力大牛能把细节都记住就不需要记笔记了。一般情况下,要求学生进行记笔记,因为托福听力的段子比较长,如果单靠记忆的话是不容易记住的。托福听力笔记要记得准,要先掌握笔记符号,利用符号缩写记录信息,节约时间。因此,只有笔记记得准才能真正辅助脑力记忆?   第三,根据题目定位要速度?   在听完一遍音频之后,笔记也记完了,这个时候就要开始答题了。在答题的过程中,首先要扫描题目,在题目中找出关键词,根据关键词定位到笔记内容。在这一过程中,以名词为主作为关键词,进行定位,这种定位比较明显,尤其是文章中出现的专有名词或者特殊的年月日都是定位的好词汇?   第四,选项选择要果断?   在定位完成之后,就要根据笔记内容进行选择选项了。在这一过程中切忌主观臆断,一定要根据原文内容进行推测,正确选项一般都是原文的改写或者同义替换。考生在选择之后就不要改答案,要相信自己的第一感觉。小编还要提醒大家的是:在推断过程不要过度思考,因为美国人的思维都是线性思维。综合以上几点,考生只要认真进行托福听力备考,高分是没有问题的? ]]></description> </item><item><title>VOA慢速英语:好莱坞明星和企业高管卷入大学招生弊案 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-8389-443911-1.html 学个?Learn A Word: 2969 willingness 意愿 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-8458-443910-1.html VOA慢速英语:维也纳再次成为最宜居的城?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-8694-443909-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Vienna Is the Most Livable City, Again The Austrian capital, Vienna, is known for its museums, palaces and ease of living. The city of 2 million people was recently identified as having the world's highest quality of life for the tenth year in a row. That opinion comes from Mercer, a consulting agency that does a yearly Quality of Living Ranking. Measuring quality of life is not a simple job. In a statement, Mercer said the agency looks at many factors. For example, researchers measure how easily people can use public transport, such as buses and trains. They ask whether drivers can move well on the roads. They ask if houses and apartments are available at a good price, and whether children can go to international schools. They think about whether people in the city can enjoy music, theater, restaurants and sports. And, they look for a healthy political and social climate. In total, the agency considered 39 factors in 10 areas to name Vienna the winner. Vienna has also been ranked number one on other quality of life measurements, such as the Economist's Global Liveability Index. Also ran Other top cities on Mercer's list included Zurich, Auckland, Munich and Vancouver. The 10 cities at the bottom of Mercer’s list did not change from the previous year. Baghdad ranked last, followed by Bangui in the Central African Republic and Sanaa, Yemen's capital. American cities did not do very well on quality of life rankings this year. "All US cities covered in the analysis fell in the rankings this year, with Washington DC (53) the biggest faller," noted Mercer's statement. I'm John Russell. _______________________________________________________________ Words in This Story ranking – n. a list of people or things that are ordered according to their quality, ability, size, etc. factor – n. something that helps produce or influence a result : one of the things that cause something to happen ]]></description> </item><item><title>VOA常速英语:伊利诺斯州或批私人移民拘留中?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-10200-443908-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Illinois Town Approves Private Immigration Detention Center Even though the town of Dwight, Illinois, in the heartland of America is roughly 2,100 kilometers from the border with Mexico, VOA's Kane Farabaugh reports, it is in the middle of the national debate over immigration, detention and border security. ]]></description> </item><item><title>Instagram上的网红羊驼 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-10199-443907-1.html 少儿英语故事 | Biscuit And The Lost Teddy http://www.rar-audio.com/show-572-443902-1.html 美曝出名校入学舞弊案 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-500-443901-1.html 特朗普口误,苹果CEO库克得改?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-7804-443900-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Tim Cook changes name to “Tim Apple” after Trump gaffe. 在特朗普令人啼笑皆非的口误后,蒂?bull;库克将名字改成了“蒂姆•苹果”? President Trump made a pretty noticeable gaffe when speaking about Tim Cook at an American Workforce Policy Advisory Board meeting. 在美国劳动力政策咨询委员会会议中,在谈论蒂姆•库克时,总统特朗普犯了一个难以忽略的错误? Cook was in attendance along with the president where American business leaders and government officials discussed the U.S. economy and jobs. 会上,美国商业领袖及政府官员们讨论了美国经济及就业。库克同总统一并参会? Sitting next to the Apple CEO at the event, Trump said: 会议中坐在苹果CEO旁边的特朗普说到? “People like Tim — you’re expanding all over and doing things that I really wanted you to do right from the beginning. I used to say, ‘Tim, you gotta start doing it here,’ and you really have you’ve really put a big investment in our country. We appreciate it very much, Tim Apple.” “像蒂姆这样的?mdash;不断在扩张,做着我最一开始就希望你们做的事情。我常常?mdash;蒂姆,你得从这里开始,你真的,真的对我们的国家注入了大量投资。为此我们很感激,蒂?bull;苹果?rdquo; Needless to say, many in the tech press had some fun with Trump’s gaffe–and now it seems like the Apple CEO himself has joined in on the ribbing. 自不必说,一些科技出版社调侃了特朗普的口误。并且现在看来,苹果CEO本人也加入了这个玩笑? Now Tim Cook changed his official name on social media to read “Tim [Apple logo]” in reference to the president's flub. 蒂姆•库克如今已经把社交网络上的官方名字改成了“蒂姆+苹果标志”—影射总统的口误? We've screenshotted the name change here as we're sure Cook will want his real last name back sometime in the near future. 对于这起改名事件,我们已经截了图。因为我们相信,库克在不久的将来,还是会想换回自己的真实姓氏? ]]></description> </item><item><title>5G这么牛??/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-7804-443899-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[ Holograms. Emotive, life-like digital human beings. Washing machine repairs directed from miles away. 全息影像;情绪丰满、栩栩如生的数码人类;从几公里外操控维修洗衣机? The rollout of 5G wireless networks that will continue throughout 2019 and beyond promises a slew of new smartphones that will hum along much faster than the models they'll eventually replace. But while zippier handsets compatible with the next generation of wireless are surely welcome, 5G's potential extends beyond them. 5G无线网络将贯穿整?019年或者更久?G无线网络的首次展示,预示着一批新型智能手机的诞生—比现有机型快得多,并终将取代现有机型。同新一代无线网络匹配的、更加快速的手机无疑大受欢迎,但5G的潜能却不局限于此? Verizon, and some of the entrepreneurial startups it is working with, recently demonstrated a few of the fresh consumer and business experiences made possible or enhanced by 5G, at its 5G Lab in New York City, one of five such labs around the country. Verizon(美国无线营运?及合作的部分创业初创企业,近期在其位于纽约的5G实验?全国共有五个这样的实验室),展示了?G促生或增进的、新颖的消费及商务体验? 5G works in tandem with other technologies, notably artificial intelligence, augmented reality and enhanced computer vision, which as the name suggests, is the machine's ability to make sense of what it sees. 5G可同其他技术合作,尤其是人工智能、扩增实境,以及增强的计算机视觉—从名字便能看出,它指的是机器处理它接收的内容的能力? Evercoast is a computer vision and 3D sensing software company that can exploit 5G to turn people in real-time into holograms. Evercoast是一家电脑视觉及3D传感软件公司,可利用5G实时将人转变成全息影像? The goal is to shift the way people communicate from 2D to 3D. Along the way, you may experience new products, play games, and even interact with each other differently. 目的将人们的交流方式?D转变?D。随着时间的推移,你们也将体验到新产品、新游戏,甚至彼此间不同的互动方式? Holographic telepresence promises to enable fresh shopping experiences, and impact corporate training, telemedicine and more. 全息远程监控预示着崭新的购物体验。公司培训、远距离医学甚至更多均将受到影响? At the Verizon lab, Evercoast set up a "volumetric" rig with two-dozen off-the-shelf depth-sensing cameras. The company's software rendered the 3D hologram more or less in real-time. 在Verizon实验室,Evercoast用二十个现成的深度传感相机建立了一?ldquo;体积测定”装置。该公司的软件几乎可实时创造出3D全息影像? ]]></description> </item><item><title>有些事我们总是明白的太?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-138-443898-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[What Are The Lessons People Most Often Learn Too Late In Life? 有那些重要的事人们总是太晚才明? Answer Wiki 回答百科? Summary of lessons people learnt : From the answers with highest upvotes. 这是对人们学到的教训的总结:从得票最高的答案中选出? Date: 13 July 2016 日期?016??3? Just because you think its a good idea, doesn't mean it is a good idea... Chris Herd 只是因为你认为这是一个好主意,并不意味着这是一个好主意?mdash;—Chris Herd Be Careful What You Get Good At …Christian Bonilla 对你擅长的事要小心?mdash;—Christian Bonilla Sacrificing your health to pursue wealth isn't worth it …Nelson Wang 牺牲你的健康追求财富是不值得的?mdash;—Nelson Wang Don't take your body for granted …Gilad James 不要把你的身体当成理所当然?mdash;—Gilad James Right and Wrong are subjective truths …Pradeeta Mishra 正确和错误都是主观的?mdash;—Pradeeta Mishra None of the best experiences of your life will happen staring a computer screen, a phone screen or a TV …Evan Asano 光是盯着电脑屏幕、手机屏幕或者电视是不可能体验生活的美好的?mdash;—Evan Asano Keep yourself strong because forever is a lie …Anis Farheen 保持坚强,因为并没有所谓的“永远”?mdash;— Anis Farheen All you need is enough energy to see tomorrow …Mike Leary 你唯一需要的是活到明天所需的能量?mdash;—Mike Leary Over-promise sets you apart from the people who under-promise. 
Over-deliver sets you apart from people who just delivered …James Altucher 过度承诺使你从那些不能承诺的人中脱颖而出。给出比预期更好的结果则让你从那些仅仅完成任务的人中脱颖而出?mdash;—James Altucher The secret of Happiness is to find out what you love and then directing all your energy towards doing it …Rohan Sinha 幸福的秘诀是找出你所爱的事,然后动用你所有的能量来做这件事?mdash;— Rohan Sinha Keep trying until you get it right …Nikola Gjakovski 继续尝试,直到你做对为止——Nikola Gjakovski All our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them …Akhil Ramachandran 如果我们有勇气去追求,那我们所有的梦想都可以成真?mdash;—Akhil Ramachandran The only place where our dreams become IMPOSSIBLE is your thinking 没有哪个梦想是不可能实现的,“不可?rdquo;都是你臆想出来的? Make sure to wake up smarter tomorrow … Adam Bielecki 每天都要比昨天更聪明一点?mdash;— Adam Bielecki Don’t let words of mouth control you, take control of your life by yourself. Michael Gbenga 不要让别人的闲言碎语控制你,自己控制自己的人生?mdash;—Michael Gbenga ]]></description> </item><item><title>奇迹就在你身?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-138-443897-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Miracles come in moments. 奇迹常在不经意间降临? Sometimes they save our lives. Sometimes they change our lives. Sometimes they offer us insight . 有时奇迹会拯救我们于危难,有时它们能改变我们的人生。有时它们会让我们洞察真理? And sometimes they give us a gentle reminder and the strength to go on. 有时它温柔的督促我们,让我们有勇气继续前行? The scene of this minor miracle takes place in the living room of my house under an old, broken ceiling fan with a little glass angel hanging from its pull string. 我遇到过一个小小的奇迹,它发生在我家的客厅里,那个又老又破的天花板吊扇下面,吊扇的拉绳上还挂着一个玻璃小天使? My youngest son has a severe form of Autism. 我最小的儿子患有孤独症,病情很严重? Even though he is in his twenties now he still has the mind of a small child. 虽然他已经年过二十,心智却和一个小孩子无异? He speaks only a few words. He is lost in his own world most of the time. 他只会说几句简短的话。大多数时候,他都沉浸在自己的世界里? Things I find silly delight him and little changes that wouldn't bother me at all bother him greatly. 在我看来很无趣的东西常让他哈哈大笑,而我毫不在意的东西都让他大发雷霆? Most of the time he is happy but there are also times when he can be terribly upset. 大多数时候他都兴高采烈,但有时他的情绪会非常糟糕? He will tear things up and cry for no reason that I can see. He will even hit himself. 他会把东西撕得粉碎,无缘无故的大?mdash;—至少我看不出他这么做是出于什么缘故。他甚至会自己打自己? It always hurts me to see him suffer this way especially when there is little I can do to help. 每次我看到他这样发作,我就感到阵阵隐痛,尤其想到我无法帮助他的时候? This morning was particularly trying for him. He ripped up a new shirt I'd bought him and cried on and off for an hour. 今天早上他的情况尤其糟糕。他把我买给他的新衬衣撕了个粉碎,一个小时以来不停的大叫? Finally he calmed down again. I was still feeling stressed, however, and wearily sat down at my computer to see if I could get a little work done. 最后他终于冷静下来了。我却仍感到十分压抑,我精疲力尽的坐在电脑前,想看看自己能不能完成一点工作? As I was turning it on, though, I heard my son laugh for the first time all day. 我刚打开电脑,就听到他笑了,这是今天他第一次笑了? I turned my head and saw him standing directly under the glass angel hanging from our ceiling fan. 我转过头去,发现他站在吊扇下面,直勾勾的看着拉绳上系的小天使? The light from our house lamps seemed to shine and sparkle all around him like a halo . 房间里的台灯照射在天使身上,折射出来的光线在他四周闪耀,如同一圈光环? His eyes sparkled too as the little angel swung gently above his head. He laughed again and smiled at me. 天使在他头上轻轻摇晃,他的眼中也闪烁着光芒。他又笑了起来,然后微笑着看着我? In that moment my heart opened. I could see that the miracle was reminding me that my son was more than his Autism. 那一刻我豁然开朗。我明白了,这个奇迹正提醒我,虽然身患孤独症,我的儿子仍是一个鲜活的男孩? I instead saw the shining soul within. I saw the love and light of his spirit and knew he was here for a purpose. 我看到了他内在闪烁的光芒。我看到了他骨子里的爱和光,我明白了,他来到人世自有他的意义? My eyes watered and I feel grateful for this minor miracle and gentle reminder of His love for all of us. 我的眼睛湿润了。感谢这个小小的奇迹,它善意的提醒了我,在儿子的内心,他爱着我们一家人? Miracles are all around us, but we can't always see them with our eyes. 奇迹就在我们周围,我们却常常视而不见? We often have to see them with our hearts. Keep your heart open to them then. 它们往往需要我们用真心去感知。敞开你的心扉,去感受它们? And let yourself be the miracle you were meant to be! 愿你变得更好,愿你成为自己的小奇? ]]></description> </item><item><title>你就简单说,吃坚果会长胖吗?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-7804-443896-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[   In short, the answer is yes, we should eat them, and no, they won't make us gain weight if eaten in moderate amounts. The fats in nuts are mostly the "good" fats. 简而言之,答案?ldquo;对,我们应该吃它?rdquo;?ldquo;不,如果摄入量适度的话,它们不会让我们变胖”。坚果里的脂肪可以说?ldquo;?rdquo;脂肪? And aside from that, our bodies don't actually absorb all the fat found in nuts. But we do absorb the nutrients they provide. 此外,我们的身体其实也不会完全吸收坚果里的脂肪。但我们能吸收它们的营养物质? Nuts do contain fat, and the amount of fat varies between nut types. For example, a 30g serving of raw cashews or pistachios contains around 15g of fat (0.5 ounces), whereas the same amount of raw macadamias contains around 22g of fat (0.7 ounces). 坚果的确含有脂肪,不同类型的坚果的脂肪含量不同。例如,一?0克的生腰果或开心果含有大约15克脂?0.5盎司),而同样量的生澳洲坚果含有大约22克脂?0.7盎司)? There are different kinds of fats in our diet and some are better for us than others. Nuts contain mainly monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. 我们的饮食中有不同种类的脂肪,有些比其他的对我们更好。坚果主要含有单不饱和脂肪和多不饱和脂肪? These types of fats are known as "good fats". They can help lower cholesterol when we eat them in place of saturated fats. 这些类型的脂肪被称为“好脂?rdquo;。当我们吃它们来取代饱和脂肪时,这些类型的脂肪可以帮助降低胆固醇? The type of fats present varies between nuts. For example, walnuts are rich in polyunsaturated fats, whereas other types of nuts such as hazelnuts and macadamias have more monounsaturated fat. 不同坚果的脂肪种类各不相同。例如,核桃富含多不饱和脂肪,而其他类型的坚果如榛子和澳洲坚果则含有更多的单不饱和脂肪? Even if the type of fat in nuts is good for us, they are still high in fat and calories. But this doesn't mean we should be avoiding them to manage our weight. 即使坚果中的脂肪类型对我们有好处,它们的脂肪和卡路里含量还是很高的。但这并不是说为了控制体重,我们就不应该吃他们? Studies that looked at people's eating habits and body weight over a long period have found people who regularly eat nuts tend to gain less weight over time than people who don't. 针对人们的长期饮食习惯和体重的研究发现,长期来看,经常吃坚果的人往往比不吃坚果的人体重增加得少? Overall, the evidence suggests nuts are a healthy snack that can provide us with many of the nutrients our bodies need. 总的来说,证据表明坚果是一种健康的零食,可以为我们提供很多身体所需营养物质? We can confidently include the recommended 30g of nuts a day in a healthy diet, without worrying about the effect they will have on our waistlines. 我们可以放心地把推荐的每?0克坚果加进健康饮食中,而不用担心它们会让我们的腰围增加? ]]></description> </item><item><title>《Dream? 生命不息,奋斗不止! http://www.rar-audio.com/show-9136-443895-1.html 2020美国总统大选候选人:卡玛拉·哈里?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-8369-443893-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[A barrier-breaking prosecutor 一个突破性的检察官   with a love for grilling, "Question, I will repeat..." 她热衷于提问 “我再重复一遍我的问?hellip;…”   roasting, 热爱烧烤   and music. 还有音乐   "One nation under a groove, getting down..." “一个处于最佳状态的国家,下?hellip;…”   California Senator Kamala Harris has joined the race for the White House. 加州参议员卡玛拉·哈里斯加入了竞选总统的行?   "I'm running for president of the United States. “我决定参与竞选美国总统   And I'm very excited about it. I'm very excited about it." 对此,我感到非常的兴奋和激?rdquo;   So who is she? 所以,卡玛?middot;哈里斯是谁?   Harris has a history of being the first. 卡玛?middot;哈里斯有一段做首席的经?   "You may be the first to do many things, but make sure you’re not the last." “你可能在很多事情上都是第一名,但注意,不要成为最后一?rdquo;   In 2010, she was the first woman and person of African and South Asian descent 2010年,她是第一位成为加州首席检察官?   to become California’s attorney general. 有着非洲裔和南亚裔身份背景的女?   "I decided to become a prosecutor because I believed that “我决定成为一名检察官,因为我坚信   there were vulnerable and voiceless people who deserved to have a voice in that system." 那些弱势群体和没有发言权的人理应在司法体系中拥有发言?rdquo;   And in 2016 she became the first black senator from California. 2016年,她成为美国国会第一位来自加州的黑人女性参议员   "So my question to you..." “所以我对你提出的问题是……”   Harris serves on four Senate committees, 卡玛?middot;哈里斯曾连续担任四届参议院委员会的成?   and is perhaps best known for her tough questions. 她最为人熟知的就是她尖锐犀利的提问   "It makes me nervous." “你的问题让我很紧?rdquo;   "Is that a no?"/"Is that a yes?" “你的回答是肯定还是否定?”   "Can I get to respond please, ma'am?" “女士,我能对此做出回应吗?rdquo;   "No, sir. No, no." “不,先生,你不能代替他回答这个问?rdquo;   She’s moved to the left in recent years. 近几年,卡玛?middot;哈里斯有一点左倾的迹象   But her political message remains broad, stressing unity and togetherness. 但她的政治主张依然广泛,强调团结和统一的精?   "We are all in this together." “我们将永远团结在一?rdquo;   She has defended immigrants' rights, as well as public schools and "Medicare for All." 她坚持捍卫移民的权利,以及支持公立学校和全民医保   But her signature issue is criminal justice reform. 但她的标志性议题是刑事司法改革   "Crime is not a monolith. “犯罪并不是一个单一的庞然大?   We cannot have a one-size-fits-all approach to criminal justice policy." 刑事审判中也不可能有万全之策”   Critics on her left have called her record into question, 然而,她的左翼批评者对她的履历提出质疑   arguing that she failed to embrace progressive reforms during her tenure 称她在担任地方检察官和加州司法部长期? 00:01:26,539 --> 00:01:29,209 as district attorney and California’s attorney general. 并未推行实行渐进式的改革方案   So what’s her dynamic with President Trump? 那么,卡玛拉·哈里斯和特朗普总统的关系怎样?   Harris has voted against more Trump administration nominees than most of her peers. 哈里斯提出反对的特朗普政府提名的官员人选比大多数参议员都多   She has called Trump's border wall "his vanity project". 她称特朗普的边境墙是“面子工程”   And the government shutdown "a crisis of leadership." 而政府停摆是特朗普的“领导危机”   For now, Trump has said little about her. 不过到目前为止,特朗普还很少提到?   So what are her chances? 哈里斯(胜选)的机会有多大?   Political strategists believe Harris may be better positioned to build coalitions 政治战略家认为,哈里斯可能更有能力建立联?   than some of her party rivals. 和她的一些党内竞争对手相?   "This is our house." “这是我们的地?rdquo;   A recent poll gave her an overwhelmingly favorable rating among Democrats. 最近的一项民意调查显示,她在民主党中获得了压倒性的支持   But as a relative newcomer to national politics, 但哈里斯作为一个参与国家政治的新人   many voters may be waiting to hear more from Harris before making up their minds. 许多选民在做出决定之前可能会等待更多有关她的消息 ]]></description> </item><item><title>2019奥斯卡:外卖员逆袭成影帝之?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-9136-443891-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[ 奥斯卡最佳男主角获奖者是——拉米·马雷克! And the oscar goes to Rami Malek!    这是拉米·马雷克首次获得提名并获得奥斯卡奖 This is the first Oscar and Nomination for Rami Malek.    噢,我的天哪 Oh, my god.    我的妈妈就坐在现场某? My mom is in here somewhere.    噢,我爱? Oh, I love you.    我爱你,美女 I love you, lady.    我的家人们,感谢你们所做的一? My family, thank you for all of this.    显然,我的爸爸没能看到这一? You know, my dad didn't get to see me do any of this.    但我想此刻他正在天堂看着我吧 But I think he's looking down on me right now.    这是一个值得纪念的时? So, this is a monumental moment.   我很感激你们 One I'm so appreciative of all of you,    感谢每一位曾帮助我获得这个奖的人 To everyone who has had a hand in getting me here.    感谢学院,感谢那些在每个阶段给了我机会的? To the academy, to people who took a chance on me every step of the way.    感谢格拉汉姆·? Graham King.    感谢丹尼?middot;奥沙利文,感谢福克斯影业 Dennis O'sullivan, everyone at Fox.    以及传奇影业,非常感谢你? And New Regency thank you guys so much    选我为男主角可能不是最好的选择,但我觉得这成功? I may not have been the obvious choice, but I guess it worked out.    谢谢你们,皇后乐? Thank you, Queen.   感谢你们的存在,让我成为你们辉煌、突出的历史的一小部? Thank you guys for being, for allowing me to be the tiniest part of your phenomenal, extraordinary legacy    这是我永远都亏欠你们? I am forever in your debt.    感谢我的团队,我的剧组成员们 My crew, and my cast.    我爱你们 I love you.    你们是我的同伴,也是我的榜样 You are my equals, you are my betters.    没有你们的话,我永远不可能来到这? I could have never been here without you.    我在想,要是我能跟过去的小拉米(指自己)? I think about what it would have been like to tell little bubba Rami    有一天,他能成为奥斯卡影? That one day this might happen to him.    我想那个小卷毛会被吓晕的 And I think his curly-haired little mind would be blown.    那个孩子曾经很纠结于自己的身份,想找到自己存在的意义 That kid was...He was struggling with his identity, trying to figure himself out.    而且我觉得,每一个纠结于这个问题的人,都会想尝试找到答案 And I think to anyone struggling with theirs, and trying to discover their voice    听着,我们拍了一部关于一名男同,一名移民的电影 Listen, we made a film about a gay man, an immigrant    同时他还对这一切毫无掩? Who lived his life Just unapologetically himself.    今晚我能在这里和你们分享他的传奇故事 The fact that I'm celebrating him and this story with you tonight     恰恰证明了,世人正需要听到这样的故事 Is proof that we're longing for stories like this.    我是一名埃及移民的儿子,我的父亲是第一代美国移? I am the son of immigrants from Egypt, a first-generation American.    关于我的一部分故事已经被书写出来了 And part of my story is being written right now.    而且我无比感激在座的各? And I could not be more grateful to each and every one of you,    以及所有相信我的人? And everyone who believed in me for this moment.    我将用余生来珍惜这一段经? It's something I will treasure for the rest of my life.    露西·宝通(女友),你是这部电影的核? Lucy Boynton, you're the heart of this film.    你是天赋异禀的好演员 You are beyond immensely talented.    你俘获了我的? You have captured my heart.    谢谢? Thank you so much ]]></description> </item><item><title>美国第一夫人梅拉尼娅演讲:感谢那些女性激励着我们前进?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-9136-443889-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[ Please join me in welcoming the First Lady of the United States of America, Melania Trump 让我们一起欢?美国第一夫人梅拉尼娅·特朗?   Thank you 谢谢   Good morning 大家上午?   Thank you secretary Pompeo for a kind introduction 感谢国务卿蓬佩奥先生的介?   and for having me here to celebrate these amazing women 感谢你们邀请我到现场来祝贺这些了不起的女性们   and the incredible work they are doing through the world 共同庆祝她们在全世界范围内所做出的杰出工?   It has been my honor to attend the celebration for the last three years 在过去的三年?我都有幸参与这场庆典   As first lady of the United States and I'm proud to represent our country 作为美国的第一夫人 我很自豪能代表我们的国家   that empowers and support women here at home and on an international scale 在国内和国际范围?都能够给予女性权力和大力的支?   Throughout history, women have contributed in so many ways to our society 纵观历史 女性在许多方面都为我们的社会作出了贡献   Tomorrow is International Women's Day 明天就是国际妇女?   yet another opportunity to recognize the work of women throughout time 这也是个表彰女性长期以来做出的贡献的机?   Women continue to influence the world in so many powerful ways 女性将继续以如此强有力的方式影响着这个世界   We now have more women in Congress than any other time in our nation's history 在美国历史上 没有哪个时候比现在有更多的女性在国会工作   Women's unemployment in the United States has reached the lowest level in 65 years 美国女性的失业率达到了65年来的最低水?   and more than 2 million more women are working today than in November 2016 ?016年的11月相?今天有超?00万的女性在工作岗位?   This is something to celebrate  这是值得庆祝的事?   As I have said before, I believe courage is one of the qualities we need most in society 正如我之前所说的 我相信勇气是我们在社会上最需要的品质之一   It is what propels us forward 它推动着我们继续前进   Courage is what divide those who only talk about change from those who actually act to change 勇气 将那些只谈论改变的人和那些用实际行动来改变的人区分开?   Courage take sacrifice, bravery and humility 勇气需要我们有牺牲 勇敢和谦逊的品质   It is the ability to put others first 它是一种先己后人的能力   The courage of women throughout our history continues to inspire us 历史上那些有勇气的女性以她们的事迹继续激励着我们   and it is my great privilege to recognize today women who have achieved remarkable success 我很荣幸能在今天 向那些取得显著成就的女性表达我的敬?   I know we all have the courage within us to achieve great things for the betterment of this world 我知道我们每个人都有勇气去改善这个世?并因此取得伟大的成就   The women we are cornering today, a symbol of courage 今天聚集在这里的所有女?nbsp; 你们都是勇气的象?   The human rights advocates in some of the most dangerous parts of our world 她们在世界上一些最危险的地区倡导人权   and they have pushed through gender-based stereotypes to serve the greater good 她们打破了基于性别的刻板印?并服务于更大的利?   This courageous women 这些勇敢的女?   nature and serve the lives of vulnerable and forgotten within communities 非常自然地服务于那些弱势群体和被遗忘的社?   They're role models to the next generation 她们是下一代的榜样   Through their work, they empower women everywhere  通过他们的工?世界各地的女性获得了应有的权?   and I for one, I'm grateful for the work 我也是受益?我真的非常感谢她们做出的贡献   I want to thank the secretary Pompeo 感谢国务卿蓬佩奥先生   and State Department 感谢美国国务?   and the Office of global women's issues 感谢解决全球妇女问题办公?   for all the work they are doing in the pursuit of a world that is more free and more prosperous 感谢你们为追求一个更自由和繁荣的世界所做的一?   I look forward to today's celebration, that bless you, your families 我很期待今天的庆典活?祝福你们以及你们的家?   and God bless the United States of America 上帝保佑美利坚合众国   Thank you 谢谢大家 ]]></description> </item><item><title>小笨霖英语笔记本102: 买衣?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443870-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[ 要是今天你想来美国大采购,你该学会哪些简单的对话呢?这次我挑选的这个主题买衣服,就是要告诉各位,有哪些会话是在买衣服的场合会用到的,从随便看看、衣服太小到穿著太暴露了等一些讲法都是本集笔记所要介绍的内容,我想对各位喜欢逛街买衣服的朋友而言,本集的英语笔记绝对都是你必读的内容? 1. i'm just browsing. 我只是随便看看? 在美国逛街买衣服,"i'm just browsing." ?"i'm just looking." 这两句一定要先学会。因为一般当你走进一家店时,小姐们通常都会走过来亲切地和你打招呼,问你 "may i help you?" (需要帮忙吗? 或是 "are you looking for something?" (你想找什么衣服吗? 如果你只是想随便看一看,不妨客气地跟她说声,"i'm just browsing." 或是 "i'm just looking." 这样子她们就不会继续纠缠下去,会让你在店里随便逛。像我家人来探望我时,我都先交代他们要学会这两句,因为我不希望美国人觉得我们东方人很不礼貌,别人好心问你,你却装作一副没听到的样子?其实是英语不好,不敢开口?   但如果你是真的要找某一件特定的商品,比方说你想找一件高领的毛衣,你就可以说?quot;i'm looking for a turtle neck sweater. could you help me?" (我在找一件高领的毛衣能帮我一下吗? 或是 "do you have any turtle neck sweater?" (你们有卖高领的毛衣吗? 2. may i try this on? 我能试穿这一件吗? 在美国大部份卖衣服的地方都是允许试穿的,所以通常要是我看上了某件衣服,我通常就直接拿去试穿了,不会再画蛇添足地问说,"may i try this on?" 要是不知道试衣间在哪里的话,则可以问店员?quot;where is the fitting room?" (试衣间在哪里? 。但是如果是不太确定能不能试穿的话,特别像是在大拍卖的时候,或是有些男生的衬衫是摺好用别针固定的,则这时候最好还是问店员一声,"may i try this on?" 免得作出一些愚蠢的事? 有时候在试衣间前面会坐著一个晚娘面孔的女人,在你进去之前她会挡住你的去路,问你?quot;how many?" 这时你就要告诉她你拿了几件衣服,例如三件的话你就说,"three." 这时她会给你一块上面写?3 的狗牌,在你进去之前要把这个牌子挂上你的门上,表示你进去的时候是三件,出来的时候也要是三件才行? 3. i like this tank top. it goes with my baggy jeans. 我喜欢这件背心,它跟我的布袋牛仔裤很合?   人家都说美国人比欧洲人和日本人不重视穿著,据我的观察也是如此,美国女生的标准穿著通常是一?t-shirt 或是露出肚脐的小可爱背心 (tank top),再配上一件牛仔裤 (jeans)。男生的话也差不多,只差不会把肚脐露出来而已? 上面提到这个 tank top,就是中文里所讲的背心,也就是那种无袖的上衣。有一种男生穿的纯白的背心,看起来像内衣一样的 tank top,老美把这?tank top 戏称?wife-beater。因为他们觉得会穿这种背心的人通常有结实的肌肉而且手臂上会有刺青。这给人的感觉就是回家之后喜欢打老婆,所以这?white tank top 就被腻称?wife-beater? baggy 这个字是宽松的意思,有一种男生穿的宽宽松松的短裤就叫 baggy pants。?baggy jeans 则是指「布袋」牛仔裤。其它正常一点的牛仔裤的样式还有有诸如直筒裤 (straight jeans)、靴型裤 (boot cut jeans) 等等 。这些名词各位不必特别去记它,因为一般卖牛仔裤的柜子旁都有贴示意图,只要在买裤子时会按图索骥即可? 4. could you help me pick up a dressy dress? 你能不能帮我挑一件美美的礼服?   上面所讲的美国人不太重视穿著是指平常的时候,但在正式的场合给她们一打扮起来,我只能说,"i am astonished!" (太震惊了? 她们几乎每个人都有一套所谓的 dress,就是那种正式的礼服,配上西方女生特有的傲人双峰,再加上高跟鞋一穿,浓妆一抹,让每个女生看起来都像是好莱坞里的女明星,让我觉得有些自惭形秽。所以我说美国的女生穿著不是很阳光很健康,就是很正式很性感,很少看到介于两个极端之间的穿著?相对的东方的女生打扮就比较典雅精致,比较有日本风味,但平常的时候跟正式的场合就感觉不出有很大的差别? 所?dress 一般指的是女生正式的服装,特别是那种低?(low cut) 连身带裙子的礼服 (evening gown),有时候我们还可以?dressy 来强调这?dress 很漂亮很时髦?例如?quot;her dressy dress really caught my eyes." (她漂亮的礼服吸引了我的目光? ?dress up 则是男生和女生都可以用的一个片语,意指作正式的穿著打扮,女?dress up 的话当然就是?dress 了,而男?dress up 的话自然就是穿西装打领带了。例如,"lulu is dressed up today. she looks so nice." (露露今天穿著很正式,她看起来好美? 小笨霖建议各位当你不管看到任何女?dress up 出现时不妨赞美她 "i like your dress!" 或是 "you look so nice today!" 我想不管任何人听到你赞美她都会很高兴的? 5. i don't like too much cleavage. 我不喜欢太暴露?   cleavage 这个字在英文里有一个有趣的解释,就是指女生胸部之间的低垂部份,特别是指当女生穿低胸的礼服时,会若隐若现的「乳沟」。但是一般提?cleavage 这个字其实就是指「暴露」而言。例如朋友试图游说你买一件低胸礼服,你就可以回答?quot;i don't like too much cleavage." (我不喜欢太露的衣服? 或是 "my mom will kill me if she sees too much cleavage." (如果让我妈妈看到我露太多,她会杀了我的? 想当然尔,男生常常会拿女生的 cleavage 来开玩笑,例如电视上看到的,"she's got so much cleavage that she can hide a fully-equipped platoon in between there." (她露太多了,多到可以让一整个排的兵力,带著全副武装躲在里面? 6. i just want to buy some off-the-rack clothes. 我只想随便买一些现成的衣服? rack 指的是一般在商店中用来吊衣服的衣架,所?off-the-rack 指的是那种由工厂大量制造的成衣,通常暗指很普通、不是特别好的衣服。例如我朋友问我?quot;your jacket looks very nice. where did you get it?" (你的外套很好看,是在哪买的啊? 事实上那件外套是我在某夜市所抢来的地摊货,但英文里没有「地摊货」这样的讲法,所以我就可以回答他?quot;it's just something off-the-rack." (只是件普通的衣服啦!)   相较?off-the-rack 这种便宜的衣服,custom-made 或是 tailor-made 指的是「量身定做」的。例如,"i need to get a custom-made tuxedo for my wedding." (我必须为了我的婚礼去买一件量身定作的燕尾服? 7. this shirt is very stylish and not very expensive. 这件衬衫看起来很时髦,而且不会很贵? 当我们要称赞某一件衣服时髦的时候,我们可以?good-looking, stylish 或是 becoming 来形容。good-looking 是单纯的好看?stylish 则是好看之外还非常地时髦,?becoming 则是指穿在你身上之后非常合适而好看。所以要是你陪好朋友去买衣服,他挑了一件看起来不错的衬衫,你就可以说,"it's very good-looking." ; "it's very stylish." 或是 "it's very becoming to (on) you." 8. i don't think this one will fit me. 我不觉得这件衣服我穿得下? 买衣服时最讨厌的就是明明看到一件自己中意的衣服,但却没有自己穿得下的型号。特别是娇小的东方人想要在美国买衣服常常会有这样的问题。所以有两句话一定要学起来。一句是 "it's not my size." 另一句则?"it won't fit me." 这两句话都是当衣服型号不对时你可以用到的句子。例如在逛街时,朋友说,"hey, check this out! i think you should buy it." (看看这件衣服,我想你该买下它? 你说?quot;it looks good but it's not my size. maybe it will fit you." (它是看起来不错,但我想这不是我的尺码,或许你能穿得下? 这里我想特别提醒大家一下中文和英文里习惯的不同,中文里的「我穿不下」用的是「我」当主词,在英文里却?"it won't fit me." 用的?衣服 "it" 当主词?   另外有一个字 alteration,我想也值得大家一学。住在美国的朋友,下次出门的时候不妨找看看有没有一些店挂著 alteration 的招牌,因为我每次看到这个招牌,就会忍不住想考考人家知不知?alteration 是什么意思?通常都是不知道啦? 其实这个 alteration 就是指修改衣服,例如你买的裤子裤管太长想把它改短一点你就需要去?alteration 的店,因为一般卖衣服的地方并不提供此类的服务。例? "i have a pair of pants that need alteration. can you tell me where i should go?" (我有一件裤子需要修改,你知道我该去哪吗? 9. your clothes don't match. 你的衣服看起来不搭配? "clothes don't match." 指的是衣服不搭配,可能是颜色的不搭配或是样式的不搭配。当然我们也可以更明确地指出是哪两件衣服不搭配,例如你朋友想买一件红色的上衣,你可以警告她,"this red top and your pants don't match." 或是 "this red top doesn't match your pants." 意思就是你这件红色的上衣跟你的裤子不搭配?   当然啦,外国人的审美观和我们是很不同的,像一般而言我们认为「红配绿」是奇丑无比,但小笨霖的指导教授偏偏就喜欢打扮的跟棵圣诞红一样,你想我能去跟她说?quot;i think your red sweater and green shirt don't match." 吗?当然是不行了,我的毕业论文还等著她签字呢? 10. let me ring that up for you! 让我帮你结帐吧! 买方结帐最标准的讲法是 check out,例如你衣服都买好了,就可以拿到收银?(cash register),跟店员说,"i want to check out." 她就会帮你算钱。另外还有些店员喜欢?ring it up 这个片语,同样也是结帐的意思,为什么呢?因为在开收银机的时候不是通常会听?ring 的一声吗?所以这?ring it up 就有了「结帐」的意?(卖方用语,因为收银机由其操作)。比方说今天你看上了一件衣服但没有标示价钱,你拿著衣服去问收银员,结果她告诉你这件衣服只要 $9.99。这时候你就可以用这里学到?ring it up 这个片语来回答她?quot;ok. go ahead and ring it up for me." (好,那就帮我结帐吧!) 或是有时候店员看到你拿著衣服走过来,她也会主动地跟你说,"let me ring that up for you."   生活小故? 我们常常讲要「入境随俗?in rome, do as the romans do),但要真的作到入境随俗简单吗?我想真的很难很难。我认识的朋友当中,就有些人会拿我们的传统价值观来要求老美遵循。例如我们不喜欢有人在吃饭时把餐具插在碗里,因为那样好像是在拜拜一样。但当你在美国看到老美这么作时,你会纠正他吗?我是不会啦!但我的朋友当中居然就有人会跑去跟老美说,"it's not very polite to do this." 我想美国的人种那么多,要是每个人都有自己国家的规矩,那老美倒底要服从日本的?德国的?伊朗?还是说不管哪一国人都遵循美国的习惯,哪种比较容易些? 再举一例,老美他们特别喜欢让你用红笔签名,(因为用红色的笔签名看起来比较不像是影印出来的? 像是这点也会让我觉得很不自在,因为从小妈妈就教我不能用红笔写某人的名?(代表不吉?or 绝交),所以后来上了小学,我还会因为在学校不乖被老师打手心,回家后气得用红笔写老师的名字一百遍。但现在我人在美国,我能跟老美说我不喜欢用红笔签名吗?当然是不行了,所以每次都只好硬著头皮给它签下去了。因此这个「入境随俗」大家讲起来都很轻松愉快,但是当你遇到了一些像我所说的「文化冲击」时,你还能坦然以对吗?这就是考验个人智能的时候,也是一个将来有心出国的人可以预先思考的问题?   ]]></description> </item><item><title>小笨霖英语笔记本100: 美式足球观战(? http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443869-1.html 小笨霖英语笔记本99: 美式足球话题 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443868-1.html 小笨霖英语笔记本98: 身体英语—手 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443867-1.html 小笨霖英语笔记本97: 女人真讨?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443866-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[ 小笨霖这次要冒著被所有女性读者唾弃的风险来跟各位谈谈怎么用英文骂女生了!我想各位男性读者一定个个摩拳擦掌,准备把像是「老处女」、「神经质」等一些常被用来加诸在女性同胞身上的词汇给它背个滚瓜烂熟以便大展身手了。女性读者如果觉得不公平的话,则不妨翻翻之前的笔记,有一篇「男人真讨厌」,讲得正好是怎么样骂男人,我想这样子你们就不会说小笨霖太偏心了吧? 1. that woman is robbing the cradle! 那个女人居然老牛吃嫩草! 记得之前「老少配」在台湾风行时,我在美国也跟著热了起来,每次看到我的老美朋友,我就会跟他们谈谈台湾老少配的新闻,但是叙述了半天,就是少一句「俗够有力?台语) 的结论。后来我好不容易才发现了这句瑰宝 "she is robbing the cradle." 这里?rob 是抢劫的意思,?cradle 则是指婴儿摇篮,整句话翻成「她抢劫了摇篮」,也就是说她所找的对象比她年纪小很多,好像是硬把别人的婴儿从摇篮中抱走一样,讲得白话一点就是「老牛吃嫩草」啦!当我学会这句话之后大喜过望,正想去逢人就讲的时候,很不幸的(或是说不幸中的大?,老少配居然分手了,所以这句话我也就从没派上用场过,只好在这里把它分享给大家?   不过通常老美都是老男人在吃嫩草,所以一般听到的都是?quot;he is robbing the cradle." 所以当你跟老美?"she is robbing the cradle." 时,他们可能会怀疑地?"she?" 毕竟这种老娘吃嫩草的情形实在是不多见? 2. my best friend is going to die a virgin. 我最好的朋友注定要当一辈子处女了? 中文里用「老处女」来形容年纪很大但还没有性经验的女生,但是这句话到了美国可别直接翻成 old virgin,这样子别人是听不懂的。英文里的老处女叫 old maid,或?spinster,但老美有一个片语更生活化的用法,但也更恶毒?die a virgin?注意:die 后面直接?a virgin 就行了,不要画蛇添足写成 die as a virgin? 也就是诅咒人家到死前都还是处女。例如你今年都三十好几了,却连个男朋友都没交过,这时你的损友可能就会笑你?quot;i think you are going to die a virgin!" 像这种损友真是不交也罢! 注意在英文里 virgin 这个字可以同时指处女和处男。所以男生没事也可以嚷嚷?quot;i don't want to die a virgin!" 看看老天爷会不会听见你的呼唤,赏一个好女孩给你? 3. my girlfriend is so neurotic. 我的女友非常神经质?   常看到有人把「神经质」翻?sensitive (敏感?,或?emotional (情绪化的),或?on edge (紧张兮兮?。这几个字的用法其实意思都很接近啦,反正女生给人家的刻板印象都差不多,只不过提醒大家一下,neurotic 这个?neuron (神经? 衍生出来的字才是正牌的「神经质」喔!不过一般来说诸位都很会?sensitive ?emotional,但比较不知道也可以?on edge ?neurotic。所以我分别?on edge ?neurotic 造个句子来加深大家的印象?quot;we don't get along too well 'coz she is always on edge." (我们处得并不是很好,因为她凡事都紧张兮兮的? "he wants to porce her because she is so neurotic." (因为她太神经质了,所以他要跟她离婚? 4. you are a disgrace of a woman. 你真是女人的耻辱? 大家知不知道在美国想学骂人的话要看哪一个节目?没错啦!就是 jerry springer show。在这个 show 里面你可以学到各式各样骂人的话,只可惜每次有一些比较低俗的话都被消音消掉了!不过这?disgrace 的用法就是我?jerry springer show 里面学到的喔!例?"is it a disgrace for a woman having too many boyfriends?" (对女人来说,交太多男朋友算是件耻辱的事吗?) 如果我们要说一个女生是女人的耻辱,或是女人中的败类呢?就像 jerry springer show 里观众常常在骂台上的来宾一? 就是 "you are a disgrace of a woman." 我还听老美骂过更夸张的,他说,"you are a disgrace of a human being." (你真是人类的耻辱? 但除非是特别强调是女人的耻辱或是人类的耻辱,不然通常只要?"you are a disgrace." 就可以了? 5. are you trying to get me in my bitch mode or what? 你是要让我抓狂还是怎么样?   bitch 这个字算是最常被拿来骂女人的一个字吧!凡是任何「坏女人」,我们都可以称之为 bitch。但是现?bitch 已经不算是女人的专用字了,有些「坏男人」我们也可以骂他?bitch,但比较少见就是了。像是在电影 legally blonde 法庭上那一幕,一位在旁听席上的男子骂正坐在证人席上的男子?quot;you bitch." 就是一个很好的例子。甚至有时?bitch 也不单指人,像是如果要抱怨人生事事不如意的话,我们也可以说,"life is a bitch." 但一般我听人家在骂人都是?quot;you are a bitch." "she is a bitch.",好?bitch 就只能这么用。但有一次我听到人家?bitch mode (坏女人模?,觉得十分有趣,这就好比说一个人可以有正常模?normal mode 跟坏女人模式 bitch mode。当她生气时,就会从正常模式切换成坏女人模式,所以例句中说,"are you trying to get me in my bitch mode or what?" 就是这个道理。又比方说吧,有一个女生平常看起来乖乖的,从来也没发过太大的脾气,但有一天突然吃错药火山爆发了,像这种情况你就可以说?quot;i've never seen her in the bitch mode. today is my first time." (我从来没见她发脾气,今天还是头一糟呢? 6. she is a whore. 她是一个妓女?   bitch 还不算是真正恶毒的,whore 这个字才是真正用来对付你真的很讨厌的女人。所以女人有时会自豪地说?quot;i'm a bitch." 但绝不会说,"i'm a whore." 因为 whore 这个字是妓女的意思,非常难听,当然不会有女生说自己是妓女吧? 妓女在英语中的讲法非常多,不过比较常见的大概有三?prostitute, hooker ?whore。但口语上多半是?hooker ?whore,所以有些人(通常是黑? 把这两个字的共同部份 "ho" 拿出来作成一个新字,同样也是指妓女的意思。所以下次当你听到黑人说?quot;she is a ho." 不要太惊讶!他不是说 "she is a hole." (她就是一个洞?害我开始想入非非了? 而是 "she is a whore." 这是我之前常误解的地方,跟各位读者分享一下? 虽然 whore 的意思是妓女,但这只是一种恶毒的形容词,并没有真正强调对方性生活很淫乱的意思,如果是要强调对方到处跟男人发生关系,老美用的?slut (野女? 这个字,指的?sleep around 的女人。当然各位没把握的话不要乱用,不然你的下场可是会很凄惨的? 7. i can't stand her because she is a high-maintenance woman. 她太难养了,我再也不能忍受她?   maintenance 这个字指的是维修、保养。像汽车不是都有什?5000 公里保养吗?这个保养在英文里就是 maintenance 这个字。而所谓的 high maintenance 指的就是保养维修的费用很高,通常被用来形容女人很爱花钱,对自己很好,她们像一部设计精密、需要时时维修的机器。各位如果有读过王文华写的「蛋白质女孩」,其中有一段写到高维修女子,就是从英语?high maintenance 直接翻译过来的,很多人可能不知道吧!用法上很简单,?high-maintenance 当成一个形容词用就行啦!所以你可以说,"she is high-maintenance." 或是 "my mom is a high-maintenance woman." 诸如此类的? 还有如果我们要形容一个女孩子很难侍候,有大小姐脾气要怎么说?很简单,就说 "she is a princess." (她是一个公?,各位想想公主会是怎么样子?当然是很难养的啦!不过如果老美跟你说,"she is a princess." 时,你要注意听他的语气,如果是讽刺挖苦的话当然就是指这个女孩子很难伺候,不过有时 "she is a princess." 也可以用来形容一个女孩子很高贵,气质出众。所以不同的语气可以代表不同的意思,请注意? 8. she's got him wrapped around her fingers. 她要他作任何事他都会乖乖听话?   用来形容女生把她的另一半管得死死的最好用的就?whip 这个字,例如我们可以说,"she's got him whipped." 或是 "he is whipped." 都是指同样的事情。但老美还有许多句生动的成语可以用来形容这个残酷的事实。例?"she wears the pants in their relationship." 或是 "she's got him wrapped around her fingers." 都是同样指她要他往东,他绝对不敢往西。我的老美朋友告诉我还有一句,"she's got him eating out of her hands." 意思差不多但比较不常用,各位看看就算了? get someone wrapped around one's fingers 的用法不限于在男女关系中,平常我们要说某人对我「言听计从」或是「百依百顺」时用的也是这句成语。像前几天我才去看了由劳勃迪尼洛主演?"the score" 这部电影。片中那个装疯卖傻的年轻人提到另外那个扫地的老头时就说,"i've got him wrapped around my fingers." 他的意思就是说那个老头对我是「言听计从」,想训练自己听力的朋友不妨?hbo 播放时或租录像带回来看! 9. she is a shrew. 她是一个泼妇?   在英文里也有形容女人?tigress (母老虎) 这么生动有趣的用法,但是英文里的 tigress 指的是一个女人很性感 (sexy),而非很凶?(tough) 的意思,这跟中文里对「母老虎」的解释相差十万八千里。如果你是要形容泼妇,英文只?shrew, virago, vixen 这几个字,但 shrew 大概算是比较常用的一个。要是各位对莎士比亚小有研究的话,就应该知道莎翁有一篇名著就?the taming of the shrew,中文翻成「驯悍记」。这篇剧本还?60 年代改拍成电影,当时由银色夫妻李察波顿和伊莉莎白泰勒分饰男女主角,讲得是一位凶悍的丈夫采取「以暴制暴」的手段花了好大的功夫最后好不容易才驯服他的悍妇,我相信女性主义者大概对这种电影没什么兴趣? 英文里还有一个字 shrewd 意指精明能干的,也是?shrew 泼妇这个字演变过来的。或许老美也是觉得,女生太精明能干 (shrewd) 通常也会是一个泼?(shrew),看来他们也是蛮大男人的吧! 10. she's a ballbreaker.   她真是一个烦人的女人? ballbreaker 是一个给女生专用的字眼,意思就是她总是会有一些事情需要来烦你。女生嘛,今天是头发剪得不好看就一直念念念个不停。明天又说上次去买的皮包有点小瑕疵,你什么时候去帮我跟小姐理论,后天又说我今天心情不好,你到底什么时候可以陪我聊天。ok,像这种女人就可以被称之?ballbreaker。你除了可以说, "she's a ballbreaker." 之外,也可以?"she really busts my balls." 大家应该知道这个 my balls 是指什?ball 吧!所以这里才要加复数。如果你觉得?ballbreaker ?balls 不雅的话,还有一种用法, "she's always on my case." 意思也是一模一样的? 生活小故? 不知各位去看过侏逻纪公园第三?(jurassic park iii) 了没?里面有一幕当大人都快被恐龙吃掉时打手机回家求救,结果不巧被他的小孩接到,原本他是要把电话拿给妈妈的,但他临时看到电视上正在拨?barney,就跟著音乐?barney 跳起舞来。当演到这一幕时,全场的观众都开心地大笑,但我就觉得似乎不怎么好笑,害我有些小小的沮丧。后来散场之后我朋友才跟我解释,那幕之所以好笑是因为 barney 的关系。美国有一?barney show,是给大约二到六岁的小朋友看的电视节目。而这里的笑点在于,barney 也是一只小恐龙!导演故意利用电视上可爱的小恐龙和侏逻纪公园里凶恶的吃人恐龙来形成一个非常讽刺的画面,所以会非常非常好笑。但对于我们这种童年不在美国的人而言,家里又没有小朋友的人,自然不知道什么是 barney,当然更不知道这一幕的笑点在哪里了?   ]]></description> </item><item><title>小笨霖英语笔记本96: 身体英语脚部?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443865-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[ 这集的主题是「脚」,介绍的都是一些生活上常用到的用法例如鞋带没松了,腿很□之类的用法。这些说法其实简单的不得了,但是如果你没听老美用过一次的话,还真是不知道怎么用,这就是让人觉得很讨厌的地方。不过还好现在有了小笨霖,我帮大家把我在美国三年内日常生活中会用到跟「脚」有关的用法都收集整理好了,这样各位就不用那样辛苦去慢慢摸索了! 1.your shoelace is untied. 你的鞋带松了? 记得第一年刚来时,每次我要提醒老美你的鞋带掉了,我都是这么说的?quot;your shoelace loosened." 当然这句话是错的, 因为 shoelace (鞋带) 是一个东? 当然不会自己有松?(loosen) 的动作。但反正老美听到 shoelace 猜也知道我在讲什? 所以大家相安无事。后来我受不了好奇心的趋使,跑去问老美「你的鞋带松了」的正确用法为何,这时我才知道原来正确的讲法?"your shoelace is untied." 这里?untied 是从 tie (v. 绑紧) 变化而来, untied 意思为没有绑紧的。所以在英语中他们不讲鞋带松?(loosen), 而是讲没有绑?(untied) 的?   有时候老美会偷懒一? 只讲 "your shoe is untied." 这样子也是可以的。像三四岁的小孩子不是都要学如何绑鞋带吗?所以那个年纪的小孩子常会很自豪地讲?quot;i know how to tie my shoelaces." 或是 "i know how to tie my shoe." (我知道要怎么绑鞋带喔? 2. my legs are so sore. 我的腿很□痛? 如果前一晚到舞厅跳了一整夜的舞,隔天早上起来会说的第一句话是什么?没错,就?"my legs are so sore." 或是 "my legs are aching." 就是说我的腿很□痛。我还听过有人讲 "my legs are painful." 但是 painful (痛苦? 程度上比较严重,除非你是腿真的受伤了,例如脚去扭到了 (twisted),我们才?painful,如果只是单纯的□痛的话,就?sore ?aching 就行了。但要是你比较喜欢口语的讲法,则我建议你说,"my legs are killing me." 这是一种很通行的用法,当然 kill 的用法不限于脚,你也可以说,"my head(ache) is killing me." (我的头痛死了? 记得以前听老美?"my legs are sore." 又因为中文里是讲腿很「□」,所以我误以为老美说的 sore ?sour (? 这个字,刚好发音也差不多。所以我就常跟人家讲?quot;my legs are sour." 其实这真是一个大乌龙,因?sour 的酸可以指的是「臭酸」。所以这句话变成了,「我的腿臭酸了!」这还像话吗? 3. your feet stink. i guess you have athlete's foot. 你的脚好臭,我猜你一定是有香港脚?   想到脚丫子通常会让人联想到什么?我想一定有人会说「很臭」吧!在英文里很臭是用动?stink ?smell 来表示。例如你?"your feet stink." 或是 "your feet smell." 就是你的脚很臭的意思。因为脚的「臭」名远播,所有时候老美遇到食物味道很恶心他们会说,"their food taste like feet." (他们的食物吃起来跟脚的味道一样? 多恶心啊!不过上次我跟一位老美介绍到我们台湾美食时提到臭豆?stinking tofu),我一时想不到比较贴切的形容词来形容臭豆腐的美味,我就跟他? "it tastes like feet." 只见他作出了一个捂著鼻子的动作?"yuck.",我想他这辈子大概是不会去尝试臭豆腐的美味了吧!呵呵? 另外提到脚臭很多人会联想到香港脚,这个字在英文里就是 athlete's foot,我想是因为香港脚多半出现在运动员身上才会被称之?athlete's foot 吧!但在中文里为何称作「香港脚」,听来有点匪夷所思。不过据说是因为曾在香港大规模流行而得名的? 4. stomp your feet. 跺你的脚?   记得去年去洛城参观环球影?(universal studio) 时,里面有一场电影动物明星秀蛮有意思的,那里面的动物实在是太听话了,让我想说他们是不是真的懂人话。ok 这不是重点,有一段节目主持人要观众跟他配合,他说?quot;clap your hands." 这就是拍手咩,我就跟著拍手了,再来他又说了一句,"stomp your feet." 我没听懂自己呆呆坐在那,结果身旁一时之间天摇地动,原来是大家都在跺脚。后来去别的地方也遇过一次主持人要观众配?"stomp your feet." 所以我才学到,原来?"clap your hands." 相对应的就是 "stomp your feet." 也就是跺脚的意思? 5. she got cold feet before her wedding. 她在婚礼前临阵退缩? get cold feet 是一个在美国很流行的片语,意指一个人因为某些事情而过度紧张,吓得两腿发软,致于有临阵退缩的意图。例如你要上台演讲,突然之间觉得自已没准备充份,完全失去了自信,这时候你就可以说?quot;i'm getting cold feet. someone please help me." (我太紧张了,谁能帮我?   get cold feet 在现实生活中的婚礼也许不常见,但在美国的电视电影中常喜欢演新娘在婚礼当天落跑,例如最有名的由茱利亚罗勃兹 (julia roberts) 所主演的落跑新?(runaway bride) 就是当中的代表作,像这种情形我们就可以说?quot;she got cold feet before her wedding." 另外在六人行 (friends) 里面也有一?monica 在想要找 rachel 还是?phoebe 当她的伴娘,她就?ross 出一些机智问答题让她们两人作答,其中有一题就是假?monica 在婚礼时? "i don't want to marry chandler. i've got cold feet." rachel 给的回答? "look monica, getting cold feet is very common...." (monica 你听著了,会过度紧张是很平常的事?..) 所?cold feet 这样的用法在美国真的是很流行的喔!常常可以听到? 6. you have a lead foot. 你的腿很重? lead 这个字是金属「铅」的意思,所以说如果脚是用铅作的一定佷重了,但腿很重代表什么意思?有二种意思刚好相反的解释,第一个比较常用的解释是指你开车「太快」了,因为你的脚很重,所以油门也就踩得特别用力,所以如果你在开车时人家说,"man, you got a lead foot." 就是说你开车太快了。像有一次我们开两台车去一家餐厅吃饭,结果当我们到的时候另一台车早就在那里久候多时了。我们这车的一个老美就跟那台车的司机说,"you really got a lead foot." (你开得太快了? 另外一个很少用的解释则是指走路「太慢」。例如一行人去爬山结果他老兄一个人远远地落在最后面,这时我们可以催促他?quot;you got a lead foot or what?" (你是不是脚太重了,走不动呢?)   什么样的人算是开车太快?选录一篇网络上看到的文?signs of having a lead foot (开快车的一些徵? 1. "your friends car pool with you not to save gas but to save time." (你的朋友跟你共乘一辆车不是为了省汽油而是为了省时间? 2. "when you stop, you leave a mile long skid mark." (当你停车时,煞车痕长达一?, 3. "you always leave at the last minute, but you're never late." (你永远是在最后一分钟出门,但你从不迟到? 4. your speed gauge (speedometer) is stuck in the max speed position." (你的时速表卡在最高速限上? 7. you are pulling my leg. 你在愚弄我? pull my leg 是一个让人很容易误会的片语,( 因为在中文里我们很不巧的有一个叫「扯后腿」的用法,所以很多人一看到 pull my leg 就会很直觉的以为是「扯后腿」的意思,错!扯后腿的正确讲法应该? hold someone back 或是 be a drag/hindrance on someone. pull my leg 正确的意思是当你觉得别人是在开玩笑,而你不相信他所讲的话时你说?quot;you're pulling my leg." 意思相当于是「你是在愚弄我吧!」或是「你是跟我开玩笑的吧!」也就相当于另一个常用的片语,get outta here. (get out of here)。例如今天别人说我上次抽中了一台新车,你就可以用带有怀疑口吻的语气说,"you're pulling my leg." "get outta here." 或是最简单的讲法?quot;you must be kidding."   顺便请注意一下是 pull one's leg 不是 pull one's legs,试想你同时拉一个人的双腿他不就跌倒了吗?所以只能拉一?leg 不能拉两?legs!但?"you are pulling our legs." (你在愚弄我们?则是正确的用法? 8. someone tripped over the extension cord. 有人被延长线给绊倒了? 有两个片?trip up ?trip over 大家很容易搞混,使用上要小心。首先如果你单说自己被绊倒了,没有特定指被什么东西绊倒了,用 be tripped up 或是 get tripped up,例?"i got tripped up that's why i got hurt." (我被绊倒了,这也是我为什么受伤的原因了。再来如果是「被」什么东西绊倒了,直接在 be/get tripped up 后面接一?by something。例如我被延长线绊倒了,就是,"i got tripped up by the extension cord." 你有没有发现!这里是用被动式 "i got tripped up by..." 喔! ?trip over 指的是自己去「绊到」什么东西,所以一般用的是「主动」,而且通常直接?trip over 之后加上绊倒你的东西。例如同样是被延长线绊倒的,但你想?trip over,原句就会变?"i tripped over the extension cord." 或是像有些人自已走在路上好好的左脚都会去绊倒右脚,这种情况我们可以?"i tripped over my own feet." 或是 "i tripped over myself." 9. he has one foot in the grave. 他已经一只脚在棺材里了?   如果有人已经一只脚 (foot) 都在坟墓 (grave) 里了,这代表的意思应该不用我多说,就是指这个人已经一只脚在棺材里了,也就是指风烛残年或是行将入木了。例如,"the old man is so sick. he has one foot in the grave." (这个老人病得非常重,他已经是行将入木?。这句话会变得十分地耳熟能详也要拜英国电视史上,?1990-95 年间所推出的一部非常受欢迎的情境喜剧,名字就叫 one foot in the grave。主要是描述一对年老的夫妻 victor 和他的妻?margaret 不向命运低头,拒绝当行将入木的无用老人而试图努力改变自己的命运? 另外 one foot in the grave 有时候也指「处于极度危险之中」,?one foot in the grave 作此解释时,它就等于另一个常用到的片?someone is skating on thin ice 或是简?someone is on thin ice。例如有人去跟地下钱庄借钱,你就可以说?quot;now you have one foot in the grave." 或是?"you are skating on thin ice." 如果比这个情况还要更严重,老美还会说,"you have one foot in the grave and one on banana peel." (你一脚踩在坟墓里一脚踩在香蕉皮上? 想再恐吓他一下还可以再加上,"and that banana peel is slipping." (而且香蕉皮还正在滑呢? 10. triple step, triple step, rock, step. 交换步交换步后摇前摇踏?   不喜欢跳舞的人看到这样的句子大概觉得莫名其妙吧!其实这是美国现今最流行的社交舞 swing 的基本步。我个人非常鼓励大家如果有机会来美国不妨去学一下当前最流行?swing?salsa 或是美国传统?square dance (方块?。相信你可以在这里认识不少美国朋友而且将来到一些正式的场合需要跳舞时才不?"get cold feet"? 男生在跳这些社交舞时最重要的工作之一就是要会带舞 (lead),而女生则是要跟舞 (follow)。而一些最基本的舞步英文是这么说的,前进是 forward,后退?back。踏一步是 step,交叉是 cross。还有常用的像是交换步是 triple step,摇摇是 rock,一只舞最后结束那个女生下腰的动作则是 dip。学会了这些简单的讲法,就至少能在跳舞时和舞伴沟通一下,不然你就只能靠「肢体语言」了? 生活小故? 上次去波士顿北方的普利茅?(plymouth) 看五月花?(may flower) 时,顺道一游附近的 plimoth plantation,那是一座仿十七世纪印地安人和新英格兰人所建立的村落,里面的人都是著当时的传统服装,若有其事地在那里盖房子,种菜煮饭什么的。那些人看来就像是住在那个村落里一样,但我一想又不太可能,都二十一世纪了还有人住这种破房子。所以我就抓一个正在拔萝卜的老太太问她说?quot;do you live here?" 她回答我说,"yes, i live here with my husband and three children." 我想,「啊?不会吧!她真的住这?」我又接著问了,"did you ever go out and have some fast food like macdonald?" 她一脸很疑惑的样子,?"i don't understand what you mean?" 我想怪了,大概是我的英文太破了。再问一次,"how about movies?" 我心?movies 总不会听不懂了。结果她又好气又好笑地说了,"it is 1627 now." (现在?1627 ?, 她一边说还一边拿了一顶草帽给我,"i think you need this because your brain is melting." (我想你需要一顶帽子,因为你的脑袋已经开始融化了? 哇,我糗得差点没当场夺门而出,原来人家是在扮演十七世纪的人,而我却问人家有没有去看电影跟吃麦当劳!真是昏倒?   ]]></description> </item><item><title>小笨霖英语笔记本95: 今天天气怎样? http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443864-1.html 小笨霖英语笔记本94: 男人真可?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443862-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[ 大家知道「白马王子」该怎么讲吗? 知道「男人中的男人」又该怎么讲吗? 这些都是本期笔记「男人真可爱」所要介绍的内容, 此外还有一个小笨霖在公开场合称赞别的男人真可爱的乌龙笑话, 希望能博君一? 1. you are so sweet. 你真的好温柔体贴? sweet 是一个用途很广的形容? 只要有人作了什么会令人感动, 令人觉得心里有甜甜的那种感觉, 我们都可以用 sweet 来形? 例如我说我昨天带女朋友去看星? 这种事就可以? "that's so sweet." 当然你也可以说这是很浪漫? "that's so romantic." 但是通常老美? "that's so sweet." 的机会比较多? 另外形容一个人?sweet 的话则是说这个人很温柔体? 温柔体贴英文里还可以说成 considerate 或是 caring, 不过就像我上面提到的, sweet 才是比较普遍的用? ?considerate 或是?caring 听来有点太正式了. 所以下次如果各位女性朋友遇到哪位男士让你心里觉得很温馨的话, 就不妨称赞他, "you are so sweet." 2. he is so cute. 他很可爱.   记得以前总觉得称赞男人就是要?handsome, 称赞可爱的美眉才?cute. 但后来我发现这是一个很大的误会? 事实上美国的女人在称赞男人时用的多半也是 "he is so cute." 甚至你也可以? "he is gorgeous." 但反而比较少? "he is so handsome." 实例之一就是有一集的 friends (六人? 当中 rachel 看到一个很帅的男生, 她是怎么形容她的? "he is way too cute to be straight." (他实在太可爱? 所以他一定不会是异性恋.) 我觉得这句话本身对男生实在是一种至高无尚的赞美. 所以女生不妨把 "he is way too cute to be straight." 这句话给背下? 等将来遇到喜欢的男生时就可以派上用场. [顺道一? way 就是?.. , 好用!] 另外美国的女生有一点很有趣, 就是他们喜欢欣赏男生的小屁屁. 所以她们看到那种很帅的男生? 不但会说, "he is so cute." 还会? "he has a cute butt." 编按: 事实上我也听过不只一个台湾美眉跟我说她们喜欢看男人的屁屁, 看来这似乎是大多数女生的共同嗜好, can you girls tell me why? 男人的屁屁真的对你们有著致命的吸引力? 3. he is adorable. 他很可爱.   adorable 这个字和 cute 都是形容一个人很「可爱? ?cute 有「俏皮」的含意在内, ?adorable 则是表现出一种令人强烈喜欢的可爱, 所以虽然我们也可以?adorable 来形容一个男生长得很好看, 但使用上要小心点, 像我个人就有一次很糗的经验, 就是有一个美国的小女生拿她男朋友的照片给我看, 我为了表示友? 就说? "he is so adorable." 结果她和她的朋友当场就笑得人仰马? 后来我才搞清楚了, 在美国男生公开称赞男生 adorable 是件很奇怪的事情, 唯一的可能就是这个人是同性恋. 所以在美国请勿随便称赞同?adorable , 连称赞别人的男朋友都不行? :( 附带一提就?adorable 其实最常用在形容小孩子, "your baby is so adorable." (你的婴儿真可?, 或是形容宠物, "i like your kitten because it is so adorable." (我喜欢你的小喵咪因为它好可爱). 但形容人的话就仅限于对异性吧! 另外我想跟大家介绍一个很有用的讲法「装可爱? 这句话在英文里叫 act adorable 或是 act cute. 例如, "i tried to act adorable to get all i wanted." (我试著装可爱来得到我所想要的东?) 或是, "he knows how to act cute to get her heart." (他知道如何去装可爱来博取她的欢心.) 4. a mamma's boy is not my type. 乖乖牌不是我喜欢的类?   mamma's boy 指的就是那种乖乖的男? 凡事都听爸妈的话. 例如哪天男朋友告诉你他必须早点回家帮妈妈作家? 你就讽刺? "don't tell me you are a mamma's boy." (不要告诉我你是乖小孩?) 另外相对?mamma's boy 则是 daddy's girl, 指的则是乖乖? 不会在外面随便交男朋? 每天一定十点前回家那种. 提醒各位读者这?mamma's boy ?daddy's girl 都是固定用法, 所以你不会听到老美? mamma's girl 或是 daddy's boy. 不过这个 mamma's boy 事实上是明褒暗贬? 表面上说你很听父母的? 但事实上是说你凡事都唯父母是? 所以如果你是真的要称赞人家是乖小孩的话, 则最好是?good boy. 例如你叫他手安份一? 他就真的不乱碰了, 这时你就可以称赞? "you are a good boy." 5. technically speaking, he is not my prince charming. 理论上来? 他还不是我的白马王子. 记得有一次帮老美同学带他三岁大的小孩, 我试著讲白雪公主的故事给她听, 但是我发现十分困? 因为许多专有名词例如白雪公主 (snow white), 白马王子 (prince charming), 七个小婑?(seven dwarfs) 我都不会? 后来我讲到了, "mirror, mirror, who is the most beautiful woman in the world." 这时她再也忍不住? 纠正我说, 这句应该? "mirror mirror on the wall, who is the fairest of them all?" (魔镜魔镜谁是世界上最美丽的女?) 真是应验了人家说? 还不如三岁娃?   后来她又告诉? "my mom told me that prince charming would just come and sweep me off my feet." (我妈妈告诉我有一天白马王子会出现, 并且令我倾? ) 这句话让我有点啼笑皆? 原来美国人的家庭教育也是教小女生去作? 怪不得长大后女生都这么难? 或许我妈妈也该教? "you would wake up one day finding your snow white is right next to you." (有一天你会一觉醒来发现你的白雪公主就在你身边.) 如果每个妈妈都这么教他的小男? 那么大概就不会有男生想要去追女生了吧? 6. i had a feeling that he is the mr. right i was looking for. 我有一种感觉他就是我要找的那个男人. mr. right 是个很普遍且很受欢迎的用? 指的就是那位可以托付终身的男? 当然? ?mr. right 自然也有 mr. wrong (我记得顺子的专辑里好像有一首歌就叫 mr. wrong). 故名思意 mr. wrong 指的就是无缘的男人或是指弃你而去的负心汉, 但是 mr. wrong 这样子的用法似乎不太常见就是? 此外我能想到的除?mr. right 之外, 老美常用的还?mr. perfect (完美先生). 例如老美常说, "he is perfect for you." (他非常适合?, 同样的我们也可以这么? "he is your mr. perfect." 7. you got to admit you are whipped. 你必须承认你很听?   whip 这个字的原意是指拿鞭子抽? 但当人家?"i am whipped." 这句话时通常指的不是我被鞭子打了, 而是说「我很听??朋友的话? 或是更传神一点「被另一半管得死死的? 例如有些女生会不准她男朋友跟以前的朋友在一? 还有不管何时何地她都要男朋友陪他, 如果男生也乖乖地听话? 这时我们就说? "he is whipped." 还有什么样的人可以称得?whipped ? 以下是一些经验法?1. "if one calls his girlfriend right after getting out of a movie to tell her how it is, then he is whipped." (如果有人一出电影院就打电话给女友的? 他就是很听话) 2. "if one brags about what his girlfriend does to him all the time then he is whipped and too embarrassed to admit it." (如果有人老是提女朋友为他作了些什? 他不但很听话, 而且还不敢承? 3. "if one swears to a girl then he wants to be whipped." (如果有人跟女生发誓的? 他就是想变得听话.) 4. "if one never hangs out with his friends because he is too tied up with his girlfriend then he is whipped." (如果有人因为跟女朋友活动排得太满而没时间跟朋友出去的? 他就是很听话. 5. "if one has a girlfriend smarter than him such that he can't play mind games so he is whipped." (如果女朋友比他聪明的? 他就没法跟她斗智所以只好听话一? 8. he is fine. 他很?   很多人可能会误会 "he is fine." 指的是他「还过得去的意思? 其实不是? 当你说一个人, "he is fine." 时指的是这个人「很好、非常棒」的意? 程度上相当于? "he is awesome.". 所以这?fine 跟平常我们打招呼时应付式地回? "i am fine." 的那?fine 程度上有很大的区? 另外老美在口语上也会? "he is fly." (这里可不是我打错? 老美真的是用 is fly), 指的也是一个人非常棒的意? 所以如果我们要形容一个令人心动的男生, 你有许多选择, 你可以说, "he is fine." "he is awesome." 或是 "he is fly." 都可? 9. he is one of the kind. 他是独一无二? one of the kind 是一句成? 形容某个人或某样东西是独一无二? 所以当你说, "he is one of the kind." ? 就表示说这个人在你心中有著很特别的地? 是别人所无法取代? 但有时候我们也可以?one of the kind 来耍耍嘴皮子. 例如人家生气地问? "what kind of gentleman are you?" (你算是什么样的绅?) 这时你就可以?"one of the kind." (独一无二?, 接得很不错吧? 这句话的灵感我是看电?(shrek) 时学到的. 公主?shrek, "what kind of knight are you?" (你这样算是什么武?, 他就接道, "one of the kind."   此外有一?friends (六人? 中讲?phoebe 不喜欢工厂大量生产的家俱, 因为那不?one of the kind. rachel 觉得很奇? 为什么她只喜?one of the kind 的东? ross 的解释很有道? 他说因为 phoebe 本身是双胞胎 (twins), 所以她就不能算是独一无二?(one of the kind), 也就造成了她盲目崇拜 one of the kind 的心态了. 10. he is an alpha male. 他是男人中的男人. alpha male 这个用法我是去看了杜立德怪医 2 (dr. dolittle 2) 后才学到? 指的是一群动物中最有权? 居于领导地位的雄? 如果把它用在人类, 我们不妨把它解释成是 「男人中男人?man of all men), 同时也可以指那种很有男子气概 (macho) , 在男女关系中居支配者角色的男人. 所以有时候可以在女生的徵友广告里看到, "alpha male wanted" 这个就是说她想要的是一个男人中的男? 生活小故? 上次我同学带我去参加亚特兰大教会的福音活? 一进去我就被一个看起来像是美国人的老太太的流利中文给吓了一? 这位老太太她不但没有一点口? 抑扬顿挫语调各方面都像是道道地地的中? 她还开了一个小玩笑, 她说在美国有很多所谓的「香蕉人? 外黄内白, 虽然长得是一副东方人的面? 但不管讲话衣著思考模式都完全被西化了. 而她自己? 则是「鸡蛋? 外白内黄. 虽然外表看起来像是白种人, 但骨子里却是实实在在的黄种人. 后来我朋友才告诉? 这位女士就是在台湾鼎鼎大名的彭蒙惠博? 也就是空中英语教室和大家说英语的创办? 她在台湾传教和从事英语教学三十年如一? 她的无私精神和坚强的毅力真是令我感动.   ]]></description> </item><item><title>小笨霖英语笔记本93: 烤肉 Party http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443861-1.html 小笨霖英语笔记本92: 警匪?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443860-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[ 这次主题叫「警匪片? 顾名思意就是要来跟各位谈一谈警察和匪徒之间有关的用? 这些用字也许在日常生活中不会太常? 但是当你走到电影院去看警匪片时可就大有用处了. 1. i'll call the cops. 我会打电话叫警察. 警察正式的名称是 police (集合名词, 只能当复数用, 不能指个?, 或是 policeman (指个?. 而警官则?police officer. 像在 "angle's eye" 这部电影?jennifer lopez 饰演的是一名警? 所以我们就可以称她, "she is a police officer." 但就像在中文里我们也常戏称警察为「条子? 在美国老美也戏称警察是 cop, 这个用法就由来是以前警察都穿那种有铜?(copper) 的大? 所以警察就被昵称为 copper. 后来日子久了就变成了 cop. 这个字原来是带有一点歧视警察的味道在里? 不过日子久了, 连警察们自己都互称是 cop, 所以这个字就变成是一个中性的字眼? 另外在美国的急难电话?911, 所以要打电话叫警察除了 "i'll call the cops." 之后, 你也可以? "i'll call 911." 如果是要叫消防队的话, 则可以说, "i'll call 911." 或是 "i'll call firetrucks." (firetrucks 在这里是消防车的意?) 2. i was pulled over by the state patrol. 我被公路巡警给拦下来.   之前提到警察?cop, 但这只是一个总称, 事实上我们还可以把警察细分成许多? 在美国每一州都有州立警察队, 称之?state patrol. 他们通常都分布在州际公路 (interstate) 上抓超速的? 另外每一个郡 (county, 大小相当于我们的? 也有自己的警? 这种警察?sheriff. 像笨霖我住的这里属于 fulton county, 所以这里的警察就叫 fulton county sheriff. (记得以前在学校学?sheriff 这个字都是指「警长? 但事实上它应该还有另一个意思就是指「郡警? 相当于台湾的县立警察局). 还有每个城市有所谓的 city police. 例如来亚特兰大这个城市就可以看到所谓的 atlanta city police. 所以当你以后看到警车上写什?patrol, sheriff 或是 police, 你大概就知道他们是属于哪一个层级的. 属于联邦机构的则?fbi (federal bureau of investigation, 联邦调查局) ?dea (drug enforcement administration 打击毒品机构) 在这里工作的人就不叫 police ? 他们?agent. (探员). 如果有看过人?(hannibal) 的人我想一定印象深? 女主?clarice starling 就是一?fbi agent. 至于那些在第一幕出现一些家伙背后写著斗大的 dea 则是打击毒品的探? 通常以毒品为主题的电??traffic, blow 都不难看见这?dea 的身? 3. freeze. 不要?   有人说来美国应该学的第一句话就是 "freeze". 因为这句话通常都是人家拿枪指著你时要你不要动时所说的一句话. 你如果听不懂的话后果可想而知. 这句话还有比较白话一点的讲法, 例如你可以说, "don't move." 或是强调一动也别动, "don't move a muscle." , "don't move an inch." 或是 "stand still." 都可? 最后还是提醒大家一? 美国人几乎家家户户都有枪? 当你不小心误闯别人家? 听到 "freeze." 可别随便乱动, 以免不小心就把小命给丢了. 4. it's a double homicide. 这是一件双尸命? 当电影中提到有命案发生的时? 它们通常不会白话到去? "someone got killed." (有人被杀?. 而会用一个比较专门的字眼 homicide. 这个字指的就是「杀人案件? 当然也可以用 murder 这个? 指的是「谋杀案件? 例如, "it's a homicide committed by a professional killer." 这是一件由职业杀手所犯下的命? 另外补充几个刑事案件的说? 顺手牵羊?shoplifting, 抢劫?robbery, 武装抢劫 armed robbery, 强奸?rape, 偷窃的小case?petty theft,大case?larceny,更大案?grand larceny, 半夜闯空门则?burglary. 走私毒品 drug trafficking, 重伤?serious assault, 殴打 assault and battery, 纵火 arson. 像这些字都常在警匪片中出? 有兴趣的读者不妨记下来. 5. he is a serial slasher. 他是一个连续杀人犯.   美国有一类的电影就是有一个坏人和一堆无辜的? 然后坏人就会依序把那些无辜的人一个一个给干掉. 但通常会留下最后一? (想当然尔这个人不是男主角就是女主?. 而坏人一定就是那个让你最想不到的? 这类吓人的电影随便就可举出一? 例如 scream 1, 2, 3; urban legend: final cut; valentine, a nightmare on elm street, friday the thirteenth 等等都是. 这些凶手通常有一个共同点, 就是会拿一把超大型白晃晃的刀? (以免观众看不出来?). 像这种拿刀砍人的人英文就叫 slasher (slash 是拿刀砍人的动? 这个字电影中常用). 另外加上 serial 表示连续? 所以砍了不止一人的凶手就被称之为是 serial slasher 或是 serial killer. 不过有时候我们在球赛中也会听到像? "he is a slasher." 这样的句? 在这?slasher 当然不是解释成杀人犯, 而是指「得分杀手」或是指表现很杰出的? 例如, "she is a slasher with excellent athletic ability." (她是一个有运动细胞的得分杀? slasher 这个字运动播报员很爱? 值得大家记一? 6. you don't look like a cold-blooded murderer. 你看起来不像是冷血凶手.   cold-blooded 指的是冷血? 没有感情? 这个字的由来是因为两栖动物或鱼类他们的体温是由环境控? 不像哺乳动物体温是恒定的, 所以被称为 cold-blooded animals (冷血动物). 像是?sweet november (甜蜜的十一? 这部电影里女主角问男主角有没有养宠物, 他说? "fish" (?. 她就回道, "fish is cold-blooded. doesn't count." (鱼是冷血动物, 所以不能算是宠?) cold-blooded 这个字用来形容罪犯是最好不过了, 所以我们常可以听到 cold-blooded murder 这两个字连用, 意指这是一件令人发指的凶杀? ?cold-blooded murderer 指的则是冷血杀? 不过所谓的 cold-blooded murderer 多半是预谋杀? 有别于因为一时冲? 血气方刚的热血杀?hot-blooded killer. 当然 cold-blooded 平常时拿来骂人也不错? 例如, "you are the most cold-blooded man i've ever known." (你是我所认识最冷血的人? 7. the cops are after me. 警察在追? "the cops are after me." 这句话看来似乎只是单纯地指警察在我后? 但这?after 在这里也可以解释?running after 的意? 意思就是有人在后面追我. 例如电影上常看到罪犯跑回老窝之后就急忙地说, "they are after me." 也就是说有人在追我啦! 当然追你的对象不限于? 记得我的一个老美朋友有一次跟我讲到他的冲浪经? 他说, "a shark was after me." (一只鲨鱼在追我), 听来真是乱恐布的. 8. if you dare to take off. i'll hunt you down. 如果你敢逃跑的话, 我会去追捕你?   hunt down 是一个再常见不过的动词片语了, 不单是警察抓小偷时可以用 hunt down. 在日常生活里我们也可以常听到 hunt you down 这样的用? 通常是带有警告的意味. 例如, "if you dare to touch my girlfriend. i'll hunt you down." (如果你敢碰我女朋友的? 我会把你找出来的.) 在电?meet the parents ? 准岳父也是这么警告他未来的女? 如果你敢对我女儿不好的话. "i'll hunt you down." 不过当然在警匪片中用?hunt down 的次数是最多的? 例如一些耳熟能详的句? "no matter where you are, i'll hunt you down." (不管你躲到天涯海? 我都会把你抓?) 或是, "a detective was sent out to hunt down the drug traffickers" (我们派出一位探长去追补毒枭) 9. they held me at gunpoint. 他们拿枪指著? 「拿枪指著某人」这句话英文里可以直接翻?"point a gun at someone", 但是老美比较常用的说法则?hold someone at gunpoint. 例如, "the suspect kidnapped a police officer and held him at gunpoint." (嫌犯挟持一名警官并且拿枪指著他). 这句话关键在于一般我们不太会想到去用 gunpoint (枪口) 这个? 所以我把它提出来提醒各位注意有这样的用? 有时候甚至我们还可以更简化用 at gunpoint 这个片语来代替「某人拿枪指著我」这一长串句子. 例如有歹徒拿枪指著我抢劫时我该怎么跟别人描述呢? 最简单的说法就是, "he robbed me at gunpoint." 就行? 10. we got to find out who the dirty cop is. 我们必须找出谁是坏警?   有不少的警匪片里都有坏警? 而片子最后的高潮就是带你找出谁是坏警? (例如?monica potter 所主演?"along comes a spider" 这部片子就是个很好的例子. 结局请各位看了之后就知道.) 坏警察的讲法有很多种, 从最简单的 dirty cop, corrupt cop ?crooked cop 都是. 例如, "he turned out to be the dirty cop." (到最后原来他是坏警察). 而坏警察所最常做的事就是所谓的 double-cross, 这个字的意思就是指具有双重身份. 用在警察身上则是指黑白两道都? 一方面是警察但另一方面又跟黑道挂勾. 例如, "the movie is about dirty cops and double-crosses." (这部电影是有关双重身分的坏警?. double-cross 的动词用法也很常? 意指因具有双重身份而出卖同? 例如, "the dirty cop double-crossed his partner and put him in danger." (这个坏警察出卖他的搭? 并且使他陷于危险之中.) 生活小故? 今天我的美国室友找我?georgia 北部?raven cliff ?hiking, 一路风光明? 流水潺潺, 让我们不禁心生下次要带来此地露营的打? 结果就在我们兴高采烈地讨论时, 居然给我们看到了三只黑熊 (bear), one, two three, 一只跟著一? 就从不远的森林中走过. (当时不知是太兴奋还是太紧张了, 居然还把 bear 念成?beer, 真是丢脸), 虽然以前在台湾的中央山脉上也看过山猪、山羌等野生动物, 但这还是我生平第一次在野外看到黑熊, 真是不虚此行. 只不过后来就再也没人提露营的事了. ^__^   我的室友后来还问了我一个显示出美国人天真一面的问题. 他用英文问我, 「我知道网路是全世界都相? 可是为什么我从来都没看过中文或是德文的网?」我只好跟他解释, 台湾的网址后面都要加上 .tw, 德国的网址则是加上 .de, 美国比较老大, 所以最后面什么都不加就代表美? 你说美国人是不是真的很天真呢? ]]></description> </item><item><title>小笨霖英语笔记本91: 英文乌龙笑话(? http://www.rar-audio.com/show-120-443858-1.html VOA慢速英语:谷歌的Lookout应用程序可帮助盲人体验世?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-8384-443845-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[Google’s Lookout App Helps Blind People Experience the World Google has launched a new app designed to help blind people explore their surroundings. The free app, called Lookout, is currently available to users in the United States who own a Google Pixel device. The company says it hopes to bring Lookout to more devices and additional countries soon. The app was first announced at Google’s I/O developer conference in May 2018. Since then, the company says it has been testing and working to improve the quality of its results. The app uses technology similar to Google Lens. That product uses machine learning to recognize text and objects through a device’s camera. Users can then receive information about or take actions related to the text and recognized objects. Lookout builds on this same technology, but aims to provide assistance to people who are blind or have low vision. The app uses a device’s camera to recognize text and objects and then provide voice descriptions about what it sees. Lookout is not designed to describe everything, but instead seeks to search out things that people would most likely care about. The app can learn to judge what things are most important to a person over time. Google says the app operates best when the user wears a device around the neck or inside a pocket, with the camera lens pointed outward. Lookout has three main settings for people to use. The Explore setting is designed to provide assistance for people carrying out daily activities or for identifying things in new places. A Shopping setting can capture products and help users identify their money. The Quick Read setting can help users go through their mail, read signs or identify other printed materials. Users can control parts of the app through a fingerprint sensor. For example, the sensor can be used to change operating settings or go through recent results captured by the camera. The app has three different detail levels that can be activated to provide more or less information about objects. Google says the goal of the app is to provide more independence to the nearly 253 million people in the world who are blind or have severe vision difficulties. There are other apps and devices designed to assist these people, too. Microsoft’s free Seeing AI app works similarly to Google Lookout. Microsoft calls its system – launched for iPhone users in 2017 - a “talking camera for the blind.” Seeing AI can recognize text, objects and people and speaks results to users. Microsoft says the system can provide audio sounds that relate to current light levels around the user. A recently released version also reportedly lets users put their fingers over a photo of something to get a sense of how the object feels. The app produces small vibrations and sounds to help this process. Another free app, called Be My Eyes, connects blind or low-sight individuals with sighted volunteers through live video calls. I’m Bryan Lynn. ________________________________________________________________ Words in This Story app – n. program for a smartphone or other device that performs a special function text – n. ​written words vision – n. ​the ability to see pocket – n. small bag fixed onto a piece of clothing to hold things lens – n. curved piece of glass used by cameras to capture pictures shopping – n. ​the activity of buying goods in a store vibration – n. the act of shaking with small, quick movements ]]></description> </item><item><title>雅思写?分范?把握整体结构 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-615-443841-1.html 雅思写?考官喜欢的高分句型实?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-615-443840-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[  雅思考官评分标准中最后一?GRA (grammatical range and accuracy),明确考察的是学生写英语句子多样性和准确性的能力,即测试考生简单句和复杂句的综合运用能力?   而中国考生也知道句式表达要多样性,但很难参透具体如何操作才能让自己的句子丰富多样,结果是普遍句式比较单一,写到复杂结构时往往就是堆砌各种从句,似乎除了从句再无其它复杂结构可写?   事实上,剑桥考官的范文中,复杂句的数量寥寥可数,很多时候都是把简单句进行了华丽的包装,今天就来看看考官喜欢?ldquo;高分句型”是什么样的,和你想象的是不是有差?   1.状语前置   所谓状语前置就是把状语(副词,介词短语,分词,不定式)放到句首。考官会频繁使用这种语法结构,而很多考生却没有意识,这种句式通过一堆长句子中出现一个小短语,可以让句子产生长短结合的紧凑感,实例如下:   1)   Unfortunately, professionals from other fields who make a much greater contribution to human society, are paid so much less that it is hard to disagree with the statement.   2)   Obviously, education systems are based on the belief that all children can effectively be taught to acquire different skills.   3)   Like self-awareness, this is also very difficult to achieve, but I think these are the two factors that may be most important for achieving happiness.   4)   As a result of media attention, sports professionals in my country have become stars and celebrities.   5)   With the political will, such measures could really reduce the amount of rubbish we produce.   2.句中插入短语   和状语前置类似,长句子中间插入一个小短语,可以让句子读起来更轻松灵活。考官实例如下?   1)   This will affect the job market, which, after all, is a key target in any economic plan.   2)   Sports stars and pop stars, for example, are soon replaced by the neat younger, more energetic generation.   3)   So overall, I believe that, attending schools from a young age is good for most children.   4)   Universities, when it is functioning well, should offer both theoretical knowledge as well as professional training   3.倒装?   这种语法现象考生都学过,但往往在作文中忘记或没有意识使用。先看两个例子:   1 )   Parents should spend time on their children. They should also communicate with them.   2 )   We can never lose sight of the significance of education.   这两个句子没有任何错误,但都很单调平淡,如果使用倒装,效果就不一样了。第一句可以用not only t also 句型来改写成倒装句:Not only should parents spent time on their children, they are also advised to interact with them.   第二句可以否定词提前,强调突?ldquo;不可忽视”?   On no account/by no means/ in no way/never can we lose sight of the significance of education.   考官范文中的倒装例子并不多,主要体现在以下几种情况中?   1)   Only in this way can this problem be effectively solved.   2)   We can see that not only are there very large differences between these economies-s, but that these gaps are widening.   3)   Strange as it may seem, parents’ attention sometimes hinders students’academic development.   4)   Equally important to success in learning a foreign language is constant attention to details.   考生在平时的语言积累和写作练习中,可以多模仿这几种固定句式,在文章中穿插1-2句倒装句?   看到这里,烤鸭们不难发现,考官范文以及官方剑桥书后的高分范文里,各种复杂句式并不是高分的标准,对文章的整体把握,合理运用各种句型,保证文章的逻辑以及流畅性才是最主要的。当然语法结构正确也是必不可少的评分标准之一! ]]></description> </item><item><title>注意这四?雅思写作上6并不?/title> <link>http://www.rar-audio.com/show-615-443839-1.html</link> <description><![CDATA[  其实,雅思写作攻?分并不难,如果你想攻克写?分,就牢牢记住我们总结出来?“不要”?   第一,不要字体潦草?   第二,不要单边论证?   第三,不要错误太多?   第四,不要逻辑混乱?   第一点要牢记的是,千万不要字体潦草,难以辨认?   很多考生认为字体不重要,平时写字就龙飞凤舞,到了考场时间紧张,字体更加潦草,难以辨认,给考官阅卷带来困难。字体不好会不会影响分数?   想想看,考官是通过阅读你写的文字来了解你的观点和思路,判定你的写作水平,而每篇文章通常只有2—3分钟的阅卷时间,如果字体潦草,难以辨认,影响了考官的阅读和理解,势必会影响分数,所以亲爱的考生们,一定要字迹工整清晰?   第二点要牢记的是,千万不要单边论证,结构失衡?   在雅思大作文题目中,通常都有两个对立面需要去分别阐述和论证,如果你只说其一,不说其二,片面看待问题,很容易造成写作偏题,结构失衡,因此而失分。比如下面这个题目:   Some people think money which the government spends on art, such as music and painting, would be better spent on things more important. Do you agree or disagree?   该题话题属于政府支出类,题目中有两个对立面,分别是art和things more important,都需要阐述。而有的同学只写things more important,比如教育和医疗,忽略其对立面art,那么这样的文章就是偏题,没有完全回应题目的要求,会因此而失分?   考生在审题的时候,一定要把握住题目中的对立面,正方和反方都要有相应的主体段落?   第三点要牢记的是,千万不要语法错误太多、用词不当?   6分的作文,是一篇可读性较强的文章,可以是简单句为主,复合句为辅,语法错误很少,读起来通顺流畅。很多考生误以?ldquo;?rdquo;的文章就是大词长词、从句套从句,因此他们过于追求生僻的词汇和复杂的句型,经常出现用词错误和语法错误?   殊不知这样错误百出的文章,在考官眼里只是“小学生作?rdquo;,很难上6分?   因此,笔者建议考生尽量选择有把握的常用词汇,力求写出符合英语语法的准确句子,多写多练,提高表达的准确性,这样就离6分越来越近了?   第四点要牢记的是,千万不要逻辑混乱,思维跳跃?   有的考生在论证观点时不符合常理和逻辑,比如在论证因果关系时,不是从原因到结果一步一步往下推进,而是想到哪说到哪,思维跳跃,缺乏逻辑。这样的文章,考官读起来可能感到不知所云?   其实在论证时,并不需要高深莫测的思想和标新立异的观点,只要把论点合理展开,解释清楚,符合常理和逻辑就可以了? ]]></description> </item><item><title>VOA慢速英语:美国停飞所有波?737 Max机型 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-8694-443838-1.html 男子在足以掀翻屋顶的大风中惊险逃生 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-10199-443837-1.html VOA常速英语:美国联邦航空管理局下令立即停飞全部Max系列波音客机 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-10200-443835-1.html 英语语言学习:哪国的公民更受监视 http://www.rar-audio.com/show-9910-443832-1.html ϾƱ